A. Background
The Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) sector has emerged as a highly vibrant and dynamic sector of the Indian economy over the last five decades. MSMEs not only play crucial role in providing large employment opportunities at comparatively lower capital cost than large industries but also help in industrialization of rural & backward areas, thereby, reducing regional imbalances, assuring more equitable distribution of national income and wealth. MSMEs are complementary to large industries as ancillary units and contribute enormously to the socio-economic development of the country.
The Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (M/o MSME) promotes the development of micro and small enterprises in the country with its field MSME-Development Institutes with the objective of creating self-employment opportunities and upgrading the relevant skills of existing and potential entrepreneurs. In order to promote establishment of new enterprises and creation of new entrepreneurs, M/o MSME has been implementing various schemes and programmes.
Entrepreneurship Development is one of the key elements for promotion of micro and small enterprises, particularly, the first generation entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurship, and resultant creation of employment and wealth, is a major mean for inclusive development. Hence, entrepreneurship development has been one of the priorities in countries, the world over.
The Office of DC (MSME) conducts a large number of vocational and entrepreneurship development programmes. While vocational training is implemented by various Departments of the Government, the responsibility of entrepreneurship development lies largely with this office. The Entrepreneurship Development Programmes (EDPs) are conducted through MSME-DIs, with focus on entrepreneurial development coupled with specific skills relating to trades like electronics, electrical, food processing, etc, which enables the trainees to start their own ventures.
The programmes covered include the following:
1. Industrial Motivation Campaigns (IMCs)
2. Entrepreneurship Development Programmes (EDPs)
3. Entrepreneurship Skill Development Programme (ESDPs)
4. Management Development Programmes (MDPs)
The course contents of the Entrepreneurship Development Programmes are designed to provide useful information on product/process design, manufacturing practices involved, testing and quality control, selection and usage of appropriate machinery and equipments, project profile preparation, marketing avenues/techniques, product/service pricing, export opportunities, infrastructure facilities available, finance and financial institutions, cash flow, etc.
Courses conducted under ESDPs are in Machine Shop Practice, Heat Treatments, Electroplating, Sheet metal, Welding, Tool & Die Making, Glass & Ceramics, Industrial & Art Wares, Herbal Cosmetics, Fashion Garments, Hosiery, Food & Fruit Processing Industries, Information Technology, Hardware Maintenance, Soap and Detergents, Leather Products/Novelties, Servicing of Household Electrical Appliances and Electronic Gadgets, Gem Cutting & Polishing, Engineering Plastics, Tour operators, Mobile repairing, Beautician etc.
Courses conducted under MDPs are in Industrial Management, Human Resource Management, Marketing Management, Export Management & Documentation, Materials Management, Financial Management, Information Technology & Exports, ISO 9000, WTO, IPR etc.
C. Procedure for selection of candidates
The applications are invited from the candidates through advertisement in Newspapers and websites of office of DC (MSME) as well as MSME-DIs. Selection Committees at MSME-DIs select the candidates taking into considerations their qualification, past experience and suitability for the course. The minimum age of the candidate is 18 years and there is no upper age limit. The qualification for the participant for a particular programme is mentioned in the advertisement taking into consideration the subject of the training programme. Preference is given to the candidates from weaker sections (SC/ST/Women/Physically Handicapped).
D. Implementation of the Scheme
The Scheme is implemented through MSME-DIs and Branch MSME-DIs. The process of implementation of the Scheme will be as follows:
i) In the beginning of every year tentative targets for the various training programmes under the scheme shall be allotted by the office of DC(MSME) to MSME-DIs as per norms decided on the basis of working age population of the state as well as staff strength and past performance of the MSME-DI. The targets may be further modified keeping in view the performance of the MSME-DI, local demand etc.
ii) Director of MSME-DIs shall decide topic, location, and schedule for conducting each training programme in consultation with the officers of MSME - DI and stakeholders.
iii) The complete training calendar for each MSME-DIs is available in the website of each MSME-DIs in the beginning of the year.